Organic Agriculture

Organic Agriculture

Glossary

Organic Production

Means the use of the production method complain with rules

established in this Regulation at all stages of production

preparation, and distribution

No high soluble mineral fertilizers or synthetic chemical pesticides

are allowed only materials listed in Annex I for fertilizers and soil

conditioners and annex II for plant protection materials

This to protect human health and our environments

Conventional Agriculture

Agriculture carried out according to KSA rules

Organic Production Unit

It is registered organic farm with certain area with clear boarders

completely isolated from surrounded conventional farms. Isolation

may be by green fences, natural marks such as ponds, roads,or

mountains, these to always keep organic farm far away from

influences of practices carried out in conventional farms or any

other activities

Stages of Organic Production

This include all production stages in addition to transportation

storing, sales till reaching the end consumer

Conversion Period

The period must pass from registration till time of sowing seeds of

crop will carry “organic” or first harvest will carry “Organic” in

perennial crops

Organic Product

The product was produced, processed, prepared, or handled under

inspection and accredited certification system (EC 834/2007, EC

889/2008 and EC 1235\2008) during all stages of production

processing storing, transportation.

Crop Rotation

It is a system where no two crops belong to same family are

cultivated squinty. This to avoid spread out of diseases and pests.

At the same time legume plants must be incorporated to increase

soil fertility

Green Manure

Crop, usually, belong to legume family (e.g. clover, alfalfa, cow

peas, …etc)the mature crop is ploughed in soil to improve soil

texture and to add some nitrogen and nutrients to soil

Parallel Production

The operator produce the same crop(s), at the same unit or at units

under his control using two systems (e.g. organic and conventional

or organic and in conversion to organic) at the same season

Operator

The person or organization responsible about making decision in

the organic unit and responsible about implementation of organic

laws in his unit(s)

Biodiversity

It is the biodiversity in living organisms in farm (crops belong to

different families and genera animals and microorganisms) this

biodiversity secure biological balance in our environments.

Labeling

Means any terms, words, particulars trademarks, brand name

pictorial matter or symbol relating to and placed on any packaging,

document, notice label board, ring or collar accompanying or

referring to a product

Food additives

Any material added to food stuff to affect on color, taste, smell

quality, or shelf life

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

Means these organisms where their DNA OR RNA (gene materials)

was modified not naturally but by technical ways.

Control body

Means an independent private third party carrying out inspection

and certification in the field of organic production in accordance with

the provisions set out under regulation EC 834/2007- EC 889\2008

and 1235/2008

Control authority

In this case it means organic agriculture administration Ministry of

agriculture KSA

Mark of conformity

Means the assertion of conformity to a particular set of standards or

other normative documents in the form of a mark

Accreditation

It is certificate (ISO 17065) is given to control bodies to allow them

carry out inspection and issue approved certificates these certificate

of accreditation is issued by authorized organization (e.g.

ACCREDIA)