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farm basics

The basics that the farmer undertakes to know during the period of becoming organic

1- Maintaining and improving the properties of the soil and increasing its fertility: This is done through the following:-

The organically registered farmer must not leave any part of the land in waste (without vegetation cover) because leaving any area without cultivation causes desertification of the land and thus the living organisms shrink in the soil (soil flora and soil fertility is absent), and this is contrary to the basics and rules of organic farming

The farmer should pay attention to raising the fertility of the soil through the use of organic fertilizers and fertilizers that are allowed to be used, such as (decomposed cow dung – decomposed poultry spel – compost – decomposed municipal compost mixture – plant residues – natural rocks), where compost is an integrated meal for the plant that contains all the elements it needs the plant.

Cultivation of leguminous plants or crops that act as green manure, volatility and plowing into the ground after a certain period of growth, such as “cowpea fodder” as it improves the properties of the soil and raises its fertility

Making a double or triple agricultural cycle for the lands planted with annual crops. It is recommended that the agricultural cycle include a legume plant that fixes atmospheric nitrogen in the soil to increase its fertility.

The basics that the farmer undertakes to know during the period of becoming organic

1- Maintaining and improving the properties of the soil and increasing its fertility: This is done through the following:-

The organically registered farmer must not leave any part of the land in waste (without vegetation cover) because leaving any area without cultivation causes desertification of the land and thus the living organisms shrink in the soil (soil flora and soil fertility is absent), and this is contrary to the basics and rules of organic farming

The farmer should pay attention to raising the fertility of the soil through the use of organic fertilizers and fertilizers that are allowed to be used, such as (decomposed cow dung – decomposed poultry spel – compost – decomposed municipal compost mixture – plant residues – natural rocks), where compost is an integrated meal for the plant that contains all the elements it needs the plant.

Cultivation of leguminous plants or crops that act as green manure, volatility and plowing into the ground after a certain period of growth, such as “cowpea fodder” as it improves the properties of the soil and raises its fertility

Making a double or triple agricultural cycle for the lands planted with annual crops. It is recommended that the agricultural cycle include a legume plant that fixes atmospheric nitrogen in the soil to increase its fertility.

Reducing the use of non-renewable resources

· Farms should use non-renewable resources and reduce the use of non-renewable resources, as farms must work to increase vital enemies such as (Asad al-Man- Abu al-Eid – Tafil Trikograma.. Etc.) for harmful pests and insects and not to overuse pesticides and make them the last choice.

· Farms should conserve groundwater, not over-irrigate, use modern irrigation methods because of their water-saving advantage, as well as not grow crops known for their high water consumption.

4- Taking into account the environmental balance

· Farms should maintain the natural balance of the surrounding environment by leaving green spaces around the farm so that they are sheltering useful insects.

· Do not crawl on nature reserves in order to exploit these areas in agriculture.

· Maintaining the vital numbers of useful insects and parasites (already mentioned) because it makes there an environmental balance on the farm

· Use of customizable anti-pest control materials

5- Maintaining plant health through preventive measures

The farmer must choose the appropriate variety before planting so that it is resistant to the common diseases of the variety to be planted in order to reduce the control process and the use of pesticides so as not to harm the environment or affect the natural enemies

Follow appropriate agricultural cycles (either double or triple) because they avoid many diseases, especially those affecting the soil (such as nematodes – wilt fungi such as Fusarium).

The use of biological control, which is the use of a living organism in combating another organism, such as the control by the Trichoderma fungus in combating vegetative diseases such as powdery mildew – downy – echoes..etc.

The farmer must make the decision to spray for control the last options, and this precedes many methods, including other control methods such as mechanical control such as (purity of hand weeds – hoeing – removing pathogenic plants from inside the greenhouse or field – using disease-resistant plant varieties – using plant extracts..etc. etc)

Protection and support of the natural enemies of pests by (providing nesting places, quantitative release of intruders and predators)

The use of pheromone traps (traps containing capsules that attract or sexually disperse insects attached to the trap containing a pesticide that does not come into contact with the plant)

Use of light traps or yellow plates

6- Using animals adapted to the place

· Farm animals must be adapted to the local surrounding conditions and this is done through the place of living of animals in barns in terms of barn area and number of animals relative to the area as well as the type of animal and this is called physical conditioning and also through the environment surrounding the animal temperatures and humidity because these factors make the animal adapt quickly to the conditions surrounding it.

7- Preserving animal life: This comes in several ways:

· Healthy and healthy nutrition of farm animals from complex organic feed

· Permanent veterinary care for herd members and animal antibiotics can be used when absolutely necessary taking into account the period of prohibition (the weakness is what they are in the traditional)

· Design of animal living spaces taking into account ventilation places and floor material

· Hygiene and disinfection of animal living quarters and materials used for this

8- Choose animal breeds capable of adapting to local conditions

· This comes through genetic selection as the selection of good breeds for animals gives a great advantage to reducing health problems and resistance to diseases

9. Feeding livestock with organic compound feed from agricultural components resulting from organic agriculture:

· This nutrition meets most of the food needs of the animal at all stages of its growth (feed and livestock additives are included in saudi technical specifications – Specification (No. 3)

10- Applying animal husbandry practices that produce natural immunity:

The most important of these practices is to allow the animal freedom of movement from grazing places because it strengthens the animal’s immune system and thus reduces health problems and diseases.

11- Prohibited in organic animal production

A- Use growth portfolios

B- Use of amino acids manufactured for nutrition

C- The production of animals by artificially stimulating multiple genetic pigments.

Preserving biodiversity in natural aquatic ecosystems

Through the design of facilities including hygiene and sterilization procedures, the numerical density of the water group and water quality as well as the floor surrounding the production of aquatic organisms.

 

Feeding aquatic organisms for sustainable exploitation

Feeding aquatic organisms should meet food requirements at various stages of the year so that the plant part of the feed is from an organic source and the feed part derived from aquatic animals from sustainable fisheries.

Through inorganic feed components from plant, animal or mineral traps and feed additives.

Growth catalysts and manufactured amino acids are not allowed.

Protecting the farm from the risk of chemical pesticide contamination

Farms must protect the farm from the risk of pesticide contamination by drifting by wind by making natural wind bumpers such as planting a green fence (jazourina tree- cavor – willow. Etc.)

Planting two to three rows between the organically registered farm and the neighbor of fast-growing plants such as (corn- sunflower) preventing the drift of chemical pesticides by wind.

Agreement with the neighbor not to spray chemical pesticides to the boundary between him and the registered farm.

Make a wall of firewood (cornwood) or inches around the registered farm to work as a condom for not drifting with chemical pesticides.

15- Use organic seeds and seedlings

Farms must grow organically certified seeds and seedlings either from the registered farm and this is done by leaving part of the cultivated area on the ground for the purpose of taking into account the seeds and varieties (for field crops or crops from which seeds can be taken from which seeds can be taken from, such as wheat- barley-clover) or from registered organic farms, taking into account that seeds and seedlings are types and varieties suitable for soil conditions and resistant to diseases and pests.

In the absence of organic seeds within the Kingdom, farmers can use inorganic “seeds” but provided that the seeds are not chemically treated and genetically engineered. If there is no proof of source and the degree of seeds used, the farm will be penalized in accordance with the company’s sanctions regulations.

Areas, land crops and forests can be registered

The collection of wild area plant product suitable for natural developing human use and without human intervention in agriculture can be requested to be registered with the company “Documentation” and issue a certificate as an organic product but provided that it is not exposed to chemical control substances not permitted in accordance with the rules and standards of European and Saudi organic agriculture for a period of not less than three years before the date of collection and to be collected without disturbing the natural balance and must provide continuity of growth in the region and not exhaust it.

Wild Area should be at an appropriate insulation distance from traditionally cultivated or contaminated areas so that it does not affect the contamination of total products from the wild areas either by drifting with chemical pesticides or by mixing. .

17. Allow part of the farm to be registered organically

In accordance with the rules and standards of organic agriculture, farms can register part of the farm as a whole as an organic farm, taking into account the separation precautions and the absence of drifting with chemical pesticides and parallel production for sustainable crops such as date palms, citrus fruits, olives, etc..

A transformation plan is drawn up to register the rest of the area within five years of the farm’s registration date (10 agricultural seasons).

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Date : May 29, 2022, 3:14 am

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