Fundamentals must be known by Operator during Conventional Period

(The operator has to prove that he quit informed about these principles)
The maintenance and enhancement of soil life and natural soil fertility .(no bare land in the farm,).Soil stability and soil biodiversity preventing and combating soil compaction and soil erosion, and the nourishing of plants primarily through the soil
ecosystem
Incorporate legume plants in crop rotation and minimize of the use of non-renewable resources and off-farm inputs.
Use green manure to improve soil texture and fertility
Use compost and natural rocks to increase soil fertility
Reduce using nonrenewable materials
Operator has to use all renewable materials and avoid or minimize use non-renewable ones .He has also to encourage increase number of natural enemies and use approved pesticides in very limited as he can.
Operator has to save water during irrigation, also use irrigation systems that save sub soil water Recycling of farm residues
Operator has to recycle plant residues to produce compost
Animal manure also must be used to produce compost.
Good compost improve soil texture and increase water holding capacity for soil and reduce leaching of minerals and nutrient substances from soil
Biological and ecological balance
Operator has to keep green area and bushes around the farm to act as shelter for beneficial macro or microorganisms
Operator will keep away from naturally protected area and never use it or agriculture
Use of specific pesticides to protect natural enemies
Protect plant health through preventing arrival pathogen or pest to our farms Operator will select the most suitable variety to be resist against local pests and diseases to reduce using pesticides to reduce negative effects on our environment.
Use proper crop rotation to avoid increase and accumulation of pathogen and pests
Use biological control (use living organism to control another) such as using the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis against
larvae or Trichoderma harzianum against pathogen.
Use pesticide must be the last choice. Before taking such decision the operator shall use mechanical control, use natural enemies or physical methods (e.g. light traps)
The operator shall protect natural enemies in his farm by providing suitable places for nests and shelters for natural enemies and spread of parasites and predator Use pheromone and cairomone traps as monitor and also as a mean for pest control Use light traps and adhesive yellow sheets.
Use animals are already adapted with the local ecosystem Farm livestock shall be already adapted with weather and other conditions in the farm. Number of animals per area kind of animals area of stable all these points must be considered when live stock is
discuss or design to introduce to farm Secure livestock in farm Save, secure and guard animal life in farm can be achieved through
Proper nutrition regime consists of organic feeder and complex organic feeder
Continuance veterinary supervision for flock individual Antibiotic preparation can be used if very necessary and in this case the period between last dose and selling the product as organic will be double as in conventional , the control body must be informed and register in farm dairy Stables must be good ventilated and ground must fit and suitable with animal kind Periodical cleaning for stables with use of approved disinfectant materials Selection of animal variety which can adapt with local conditions
This can be achieved through genetically selection for good verities This will reduce health problems and increase animal resistance for diseases
Use of organic feeders consists of high nutrient value
This complete nutrition (organic feeders plus approved additives) will provide animal all its requirements consequently the out put of animal will be ideal
Applied animal breeding practices which increase natural immunity
The most important practices to achieve this immunity is offering free moving for animals and grazing area these factors help to
improve immunity system in animal
Forbidden practices in animal production Use of growth hormones and growth inducers for animal
Use of synthetic amino acids in animal nutrition Production of animal using artificial induction of multi chromosome fusion Safe guard biodiversity in natural aqua cultures
This can be occurred by mentoring numbers and kinds of different aqua living organism per area unit .water quality, surrounded
ground cleaning and disinfectant practices Protection of FARM from pesticides contamination Operator shall protect his farm against drift, (winds carry chemical residues) this by wind break and green fences and buffer rows Operator shall surround his farm using fast grow plants (corn or sunflower) to protect his farm from negative activities of his neighbors
Agreement with neighbors to stop spraying borders of his farm with chemicals and select non windy days for spraying
Build up a fence of cotton or corn stalks surround farm to reduce risk of drift
Use of organic seeds and planting materials (tubers, bulbs, sets…..etc.)
Operator shall only use organic seeds or planting materials from the same farm or other organic farm
In case of non-availability the operator can use conventional seeds non GMO or chemically treated. Control authority must be informed
Wild collection
Wild products are collected from wild area where human has no hand in cultivation or any other treatment can be register as wild
collection. Collection must be according to rules to avoid imbalance of ecosystem in these area
Wild area must be far away from effects of cultivated farms
This isolation area can be decide by control authority
Register part of farm as organic whereas the rest of farm run as conventional
Operator can register part of farm as organic whereas the rest used ad conventional, in this case the operator take necessary
practices to protect the organic part from practices carried out in conventional one such as drifts No parallel production. In case of perennial crops operator has to inform control body about harvesting time to be attended by control body representative
Conversion plan must be put to convert all farm to organic within five years
Principals of parallel production
Parallel production can be occurred in registered farm or firms according to the following rules Conditions to allow parallel production in farms
Only for perennial crops in farms with complete separation in documents, book s, diaries, registers of in and out puts stores
and labels….etc
Take necessary cautions to separate registered part from other parts, using green fences or bushes
During harvesting color of package of organic product differ than conventional one Inform control body (TAWTHIQ) before harvesting 48 hrs. at
least to send representative to attend harvesting process exactly weight the yield to issue necessary certificate Parallel production in firms Separation between organic ,and non organic by use different processing lines, different processing halls, or by use differ days or hours to process organic food or separation by different color packages
Clear identification for organic product during all stages of processing Protect organic product from contamination by processing aids or cleaning materials or non organic products, during all processing stages and during storing or transportation Complete separation in all documents (i.e. in puts , out puts, processing record, sales exportation..etc.) between organic and non organic products
Record keeping for organic farms and firms Operator shall keep a clear documentation system (Farm diary include all agricultural practices carry out in his farm fertilization scheme, plant protection record, harvest and yield sales…etc.), bills and invoices
Operator shall keep record for complains of client , corrective action to avoid repeating the same mistake, and recall back of
non-conformity products Operator shall close all packages contain organic product and add label with information and lot number and name of control body
In firms the responsible person shall keep a complete documentation system. This system include source and amounts of raw materials processing reports, stores book, raw materials certificates, list of suppliers list of backing materials
list of cleaning materials, firm chars, bell of lading, shipments certificates, etc. Firm shall also keep complaint register and
corrective actions to avoid repeating the error Firm shall close all packages or containers contain organic products the package or containers will sealed in way can’t replace the contents of package without damage of package and label. Label on each package contain lot number and source of lot and control body name Processing or storing of organic product out of territory of registered farm or firm.(subcontracting): This can be completed according to the following conditions Inform control body (TAWTHIQ) about the process 48 hours earlier
Sign a trilateral contract, farm or firm subcontractor and TAWTHIQ. This contract allow TAWTHIQ to inspect , take sample , check document and attend processing steps inspect packing or cleaning materials in addition to any all relative process related to organic product Complete separation between organic and any other grade during storing or processing either for involved organic raw materials or the end processed product Complete separation in documents Complete inspection on the subcontractor during storing or processing and take samples if needed Organic certificate will be issued for stored or processed materials if everything was according to regulation (EC 834/2007, EC 889/2008 and EC1235/2008)
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