Organic Agriculture

Glossary
Organic Production
Means the use of the production method complain with rules established in this Regulation at all stages of production preparation, and distribution
No high soluble mineral fertilizers or synthetic chemical pesticides are allowed only materials listed in Annex I for fertilizers and soil conditioners and annex II for plant protection materials This to protect human health and our environments

Conventional Agriculture
Agriculture carried out according to KSA rules

Organic Production Unit
It is registered organic farm with certain area with clear boarders completely isolated from surrounded conventional farms. Isolation may be by green fences, natural marks such as ponds, roads,or mountains, these to always keep organic farm far away from influences of practices carried out in conventional farms or any other activities

Stages of Organic Production
This include all production stages in addition to transportation storing, sales till reaching the end consumer

Conversion Period
The period must pass from registration till time of sowing seeds of crop will carry “organic” or first harvest will carry “Organic” in perennial crops

Organic Product
The product was produced, processed, prepared, or handled under inspection and accredited certification system (EC 834/2007, EC 889/2008 and EC 1235\2008) during all stages of production processing storing, transportation.

Crop Rotation
It is a system where no two crops belong to same family are cultivated squinty. This to avoid spread out of diseases and pests. At the same time legume plants must be incorporated to increase soil fertility

Green Manure
Crop, usually, belong to legume family (e.g. clover, alfalfa, cow peas, …etc)the mature crop is ploughed in soil to improve soil texture and to add some nitrogen and nutrients to soil

Parallel Production
The operator produce the same crop(s), at the same unit or at units under his control using two systems (e.g. organic and conventional or organic and in conversion to organic) at the same season

Operator
The person or organization responsible for making a decision in the organic unit and responsible about implementation of organic laws in his unit(s)

Biodiversity
It is the biodiversity in living organisms in the farm (crops belong to different families and genera animals and microorganisms) this biodiversity secure biological balance in our environments.

Labeling
Means any terms, words, particulars trademarks, brand name pictorial matter or symbol relating to and placed on any packaging, document, notice label board, ring or collar accompanying or referring to a product

Food additives
Any material added to foodstuff to affect color, taste, smell quality, or shelf-life

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)
This means these organisms where their DNA OR RNA (gene materials) was modified not naturally but by technical ways.

Control body
Means an independent private third party carrying out inspection and certification in the field of organic production in accordance with the provisions set out under regulation EC 834/2007- EC 889\2008 and 1235/2008

Control authority
In this case, it means organic agriculture administration Ministry of agriculture KSA

Mark of conformity
Means the assertion of conformity to a particular set of standards or other normative documents in the form of a mark

Accreditation
It is a certificate (ISO 17065) is given to control bodies to allow them to carry out inspection and issue approved certificates these certificate of accreditation is issued by the authorized organization (e.g.ACCREDIA)